Breaking it down, Tae means to destroy with the feet; Kwon means to strike or smash with the hand; and Do means "path", "way" or "method". Therefore Taekwondo is often translated as meaning "the way of the feet and fist". Another common translation is “the art of smashing with the hands and feet”.
As with many other traditional martial arts, taekwondo is a combination of self-defence, sport, exercise, philosophy and (more recently) moral guidance.
As one can assume from the name there is a large emphasis on using kicks. In sparring, turning, front, reverse turning and side kicks are most often used; advanced kicks include jump, spin, sliding, and skip kicks, often in combination.